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Windows Vista : Installing Windows Deployment Services (part 1) - Satisfying prerequisites, Setting up Windows Deployment Services for Server 2003

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This section focuses on the installation of WDS. Starting with ensuring the prerequisite requirements are met, we cover installation on both Server 2003 (with SP1 or SP2) and then installing WDS as a role for Windows Server 2008.

1. Satisfying prerequisites

There are a handful of requirements to consider when installing WDS. Some require only that certain services be available on the network and not necessarily on the local server where WDS is being installed. WDS requirements include:

  • Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS): The server to host WDS must either be a member of an AD DS domain or a domain controller for an AD DS domain. The forest version does not matter as all domain and forest configurations support WDS.

  • Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) Server: While it does not need to be on the local server, you must have a working DHCP server on the network because PXE relies on this for IP addressing, which is used by WDS.

  • Domain Name System (DNS): Again, it need not be installed locally, but a DNS server is required on the network before you can run WDS.

  • NT File System (NTFS) Volume: The server must have at least one NTFS volume to the image store.

NOTE

When working with Windows Server 2003, RIS must be installed prior to installing WDS.

As you would expect, installation requires that you are a member of the Local Administrators group on the server (of which Domain Administrators will be a member when a member of a domain).

When adding Roles for Server 2008, the Add Roles Wizard may be accessed from Server Manager. Here you may choose the required services if needed. If setting up a new server for this purpose it is important to note that you must install the AD DS role first, then you can run the AD DS Installation Wizard (DCpromo.exe) to install AD DS and DNS Server together (shown in Figure 8.2). Once this process is complete you may then add DHCP.

NOTE

In a test lab, you may have all these services on one server, but in a production environment you are likely to have servers such as ADDS, DNS, and DHCP already established.

Figure 1. Installing DNS from the AD DS Installation Wizard

2. Setting up Windows Deployment Services for Server 2003

In addition to the prerequisites listed earlier, when installing on Windows Server 2003 it is also necessary to have RIS installed before you begin. It need not be configured, but it must be installed. The steps that you need to take depend upon the service pack level of your Windows Server 2003 system.

Installing WDS on Server 2003 with SP1

For systems with Service Pack 1, you must install RIS and then the WAIK before starting the installation of WDS.

  1. Launch Add/Remove Programs from the control panel and click the Add/Remove Windows Components option on the left sidebar.

  2. Select the option for Remote Installation Services and click the Next button to initiate the installation.

  3. When the installation is complete, you may be prompted to reboot the server; do so and then continue to the next step.

  4. Download the WAIK (approximately 1GB) from the Microsoft Web site (validation may be required).

    www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyID=C7D4BC6D-
    15F3-4284-9123-679830D629F2

    After you have the download, you will notice it has an IMG file extension. This is a DVD image file that you may burn using your preferred software. It may be necessary to rename the file extension from IMG to ISO in order for your software to properly recognize the file. Alternatively, you can use a drive emulator, such as Daemon Tools (www.daemon-tools.cc) to mount the file as a drive without burning. Yet another option is to make use of some tools such as WinRar or 7zip which support ISO files just as you would any other archive file (like ZIP).

  5. Run the WDS installation from the WAIK DVD image titled Windows-Deployment-Servies-Update-x86.exe (or -amd64 depending on your system) located in the WDS folder (D:\WDS\Windows-Deployment-Servies-Update-x86.exe).

  6. You see a welcome screen and then a license agreement to accept as the Software Update Installation Wizard begins. Simply click the Next button to begin (there are no configuration options).

    When the update is complete, you will be prompted to restart the server.

  7. If you do not want to restart it now, be sure to select the Do not restart now check box before clicking the Finish button.

Installing WDS on Server 2003 with SP2

For systems with Service Pack 2, WDS is already included. Steps here depend upon the status of RIS on the server at the time the service pack was applied. Service Pack 2 contains the same version of WDS that is available in the Windows AIK, so installation of the Windows AIK is not necessary for installation of WDS (though you may still want the tools for image management).

If you had RIS installed and configured at the time Service Pack 2 was applied, the computer was automatically upgraded to WDS (no further installations are needed).

If you had RIS installed but it was not configured at the time Service Pack 2 was applied (or if you had not previously had RIS installed on the server at all), you can install it from Add/Remove Windows Components as described below:

  1. Launch Add/Remove Programs from the control panel and click the Add/Remove Windows Components option on the left sidebar.

  2. Select the check box for Windows Deployment Services (as shown in Figure 8.3) and press the Next button to initiate the installation.

  3. Click the Finish button to close the installation wizard once the installation is complete. You will then be prompted to restart you server. When possible, restart the server to finalize the installation.

Figure 2. Installing WDS from Add/Remove Windows Components
Other -----------------
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