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Installing SQL Server 2012 : The Installation Process (part 2) - Installing SQL Server 2012 Through the Installation Center

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6/29/2013 3:42:51 AM

2. Installing SQL Server 2012 Through the Installation Center

The Installation Center is perhaps the easiest and most common way to install and modify any SQL Server installation. To initiate the installation of a new SQL Server 2012 standalone instance trough the Installation Center, follow these steps:

1. From the Installation Center, select the Installation tab, as shown in Figure 2.
2. Select the New SQL Server StandAlone Installation or Add Features to an Existing Installation option. The first step in the SQL Server 2012 setup process involves examining the server using the System Configuration Checker for conditions that prevent a successful SQL Server installation. The System Configuration Checker runs a series of tests known as the Setup Support Rules that confirm the following:

Figure 2 Installation section.

3.2
  • The computer that Microsoft SQL Server is installed on is not pending a reboot.
  • The Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) service is running and is accessible.
  • The registry keys are consistent and can be used for a SQL Server installation.
  • The pathname to the installation media is not too long.
  • The product installation is compatible with the operating system.
The No-Reboot package is installed.
Note
You can find the complete list and description of the Setup Support Rules at http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=194954.
3. If you detect any problems, they must first be corrected before the installation process can continue. After the test completes, you may see the results by selecting the Show Details button, or you can review a more detailed HTML report by selecting the View Detailed Report link, as shown in Figure 3.

Figure 3 SQL Server 2012 Setup Support Rules results.

3.3
4. After reviewing the results, click the OK button. If you perform the installation on a server with access to the Internet, the Setup Wizard can check for product updates. If updates are found they display, as shown in Figure 4.

Figure 4 Product updates.

3.4
Tip
You should include all product updates in the installation process because they may include critical performance and security fixes and enhancements.
5. After reviewing the product updates list, click the Next button. The Setup Wizard launches the System Configuration Checker one more time to run the Setup Support Rules test to identify any condition that might prevent the installation of the SQL Server setup support files. If you detect any problems, they must first be corrected before the installation process can continue. After the test completes, you may see the results by selecting the Show Details button, or you can review a more detailed HTML report by selecting the View Detailed Report link, as shown in Figure 5.

Figure 5 SQL Server 2012 Setup Support Rules results.

3.5
6. After reviewing the results, click the Next button. The next screen displays the Product Key validation. In this screen you can enter the SQL Server 25-character key assigned to your organization as part of a licensing agreement with Microsoft or from the certificate of authenticity or product packaging. You may also specify a free edition such as Evaluation or Express Edition. Figure 6 shows the Product Key screen.

Figure 6 Product Key screen.

3.6
7. After entering the product key or specifying a free edition, click the Next button. In the next screen, you are required to read and accept the Microsoft Software and License Terms to continue with the SQL Server installation. Check the I Accept the License Terms check box, and click the Next button.
8. In the next screen, select the option SQL Server Feature Installation, and click the Next button. Figure 7 shows the options available to install SQL Server features.

Figure 7 Setup Role screen with SQL Server feature selection options.

3.7
9. The next screen enables you to select the features you want to include in the SQL Server installation. Select Database Engine Service and Management Tools Basic. You may change the installation paths for the shared featured directory in this screen as well. After you select the features to install, click the Next button. Figure 8 shows the feature selection list and shared feature directory default paths.

Figure 8 Feature selection list.

3.8
10. The Installation Rules screen opens. In this screen, installation rules are tested to make sure that the installation process is not blocked. After the test completes you may see the results by clicking the Show Details button. Click the Next button.
11. After reviewing the results, click the Next button. The next screen allows you to specify the name, instance id and root directory of the SQL Server instance. If there are other SQL Server instances installed, they appear in the Installed Instances section, as shown in Figure 9.

Figure 9 Instance configuration.

3.9
Tip
It is highly recommended that you use separate Active Directory domain accounts as startup service accounts for each SQL Server service. Each of these accounts should have minimum permission required.
12. Click the Next button. The Setup Wizard evaluates current disk space available and calculates required disk space to install selected components. The Disk Space Requirements screen provides a breakdown of available and required disk space, as seen in Figure 10.

Figure 10 Disk Requirements.

3.10
13. Click the Next button. The next screen enables you to specify service accounts and collation configuration. You can use individual accounts and startup types to start each service, as shown in Figure 11.

Figure 11 Service Accounts.

3.11
14. Click the Next button. The Database Engine Configuration screen opens. In this screen you can define some of the most critical configurations in the setup process, such as:
  • User authentication mode
  • SQL Server Administrators
  • Data, log, and backup file default directories
  • Filestream configuration
15. Click the Add Current User to add your Windows login to the sysadmin role. You may add additional Windows users to the sysadmin role by clicking the Add button.
Figure 12 shows the Database Engine Configuration options.

Figure 12 Database Engine Configuration.

3.12
Warning
Always define at least one Windows or Active Directory domain user as part of the SQL Server Administrators if selecting the Windows Authentication Mode option. Failure to do so results in the inability to log in with administrative rights to the SQL Server instance. Uninstalling and reinstalling the SQL Server instance is the only option to fix this issue. To ensure you have access to the SQL Server instance, add at least one user using the Add Current User or Add button.
16. Click the Next button. The next screen enables you to opt-in to send Windows and SQL Server Error Reports to Microsoft or a corporate report server.
17. Click the Next button. The Setup Wizard runs the Installation Configuration Rules step to determine if specific components are missing or installed that might prevent the installation process to complete. If there are any problems detected, they must first be corrected before the installation process can continue. After the test completes, you may see the results by selecting the Show Details button, or a more detailed HTML report can be reviewed by selecting the View Detailed Report link below the Show Details button.
18. After reviewing the results, click the Next button. At this point, the Setup Wizard has gathered all the necessary information to install the SQL Server 2012 features selected. The next screen provides a summary of all configurations provided, as shown in Figure 13.

Figure 13 Ready to Install the configuration summary.

3.13
19. After reviewing the configuration summary, click the Install button. The installation process starts.
20. When the installation process completes, the Setup Wizard displays the list of selected features with the corresponding installation status, errors, or additional required configuration steps, as shown in Figure 14.

Figure 14 Installation results.

3.14
21. After reviewing the installation results, click the Close button to close the SQL Server 2012 Setup wizard. At this point you have completed the steps necessary to install a SQL Server 2012 Database Services instance.

To verify that SQL Server 2012 Database Services has been installed successfully, open SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS) and connect to the Database Engine.

If SQL Server 2012 Database Services were installed as the default instance, you can connect via SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS) by providing the computer name or IP address where the SQL Server 2012 instance was installed. If you connect within the computer where the SQL Server instance was installed, you can connect using localhost, (local), or “.” in the server name field.

If SQL Server 2012 Database Services were not installed as the default instance, then you need to provide the server name in the form of servername\instancename or IPaddress\servername. In addition, you could provide the server name as localhost\instancename, or .\instancename.

Default versus Named Instances
A SQL Server instance that is not installed as the default instance is a named instance. There can be only one SQL Server instance installed as the default instance per computer. There can be many SQL Server instances installed as named instances in a single computer. A default SQL Server instance is not required. You can have one or more named instances in a computer but no default instance.
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